An Inguinal Hernias normally presents itself as a soft lump protruding on the skin of a newborn. Underneath the skin, the swell is usually a lump of fat or bowel matter dislodged through an opening of muscle walls. Here are some more facts about this rare lump you should know about.
Who Gets It?
Male infants are more likely to get the condition compared to females. The inguinal hernias will present itself around the groin region and may also extend to the scrotum. Babies born prematurely, whether male or female, may also be pre-disposed to the condition.
Newborns with urological issues like undescended testicles or come from a family with a history of the condition are likely to develop the condition. Though inguinal hernias may occur in females, such cases are a rarity.
Types of Hernia
Hernias in newborns are mainly of two types; the reducible and irreducible hernias. The condition is reducible if the hernia can move freely out of the affected area; such a hernia is considered harmless by medical practitioners. On the other hand, the irreducible condition is when the hernia gets trapped between muscle walls and cannot move freely. A hernia of this nature poses the threat of blocking blood flow.
Hernias in newborns start developing from birth and will become visible within the first year of the baby’s life. It will be a visible swelling around the groin or scrotum when the baby is straining, crying or coughing. The baby may experience discomfort sometime but the condition is totally painless. The swell will disappear when the baby is relaxed or when lying flat on a surface.
Severe symptoms will only occur when the inguinal hernias is irreducible or incarcerated. In such a case, the baby will appear abnormally ill with bouts of nausea, vomiting, extreme groin pains, fever or bloating. The swelling may also appear dark or red in color.
The reducible hernia is normally harmless but surgical procedure may be required in the case of an irreducible hernias.
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Teens are increasingly becoming susceptible to the development of an eating disorder. The pressure to be thin is massive due to their constant exposure to ideal images in the media. It’s a difficult time for young people and parents need to be there to support them. Observe your teens for the following signs of eating disorders:
Dramatic Weight Loss
If you see them drastically losing weight, then look more closely into their eating habits. There is a difference between healthy weight loss and an unhealthy one brought about by a crash diet. Radical fluctuations are also a red flag. They may get thinner quickly but then gain back all that the lost and possibly more, repeating in an endless cycle.
Obsession with Weight
Another sign is an obsession with weight which may be manifested by frequent use of the bathroom scale. They may constantly talk about food and the labels containing nutrition information. Being aware of their nutrient and calorie intake is commendable but they can go overboard. It is especially alarming if they are always on the lookout for new types of diets and trying them out.
Excessive Fluid Intake
Some people try to limit their calories by drinking large quantities of fluid. This makes them feel full quickly thus reducing their craving for food. Although the body has high tolerance for fluid intake, drinking too much too fast can lead to hyponatremia which is a dangerous state of electrolyte imbalance. The fluids must have ample nutrients like sodium and potassium as well.
Watch closely if your teens are starting to avoid meal times as well as other situations that involve food. This may be an indication of an underlying eating disorder that’s causing them to withdraw from communal activities. Aside from being unhealthy for their physical well-being, it is also detrimental to their social life.
Self-induced Vomiting or Substance Abuse
In extreme cases, teens resort to vomiting to get rid of the food they ate and prevent weight gain. Others try to control their weight through laxatives and diuretics. There are also plenty of diet pills on the market. Talk to your child if you see these behaviors.
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Fatherhood comes with a lot of responsibilities and most men are frightened out of their wits. This is especially so when one is a new dad. It doesn’t matter how excited one is for their new baby — chances are that the experience scares them. Here are some of the fears that new dads experience when expecting a baby.
Will I Perform My Dad Duties Well?
All new dads are clueless when expecting a baby, which is totally okay. Any dedicated dad can take care of their new baby. If they are not too sure about a certain area of fatherhood, all they have to do is ask the mother whose instincts kick in the minute they get pregnant or have a baby. Practicing how to take care of the pregnant wife or new baby will do the trick.
Will I be Able to Take Care of my Family Once the Baby Arrives?
Do some research on how much it will cost to raise a baby and then figure out how much you’ll need to set aside. Making a baby budget will help you set up a game plan and give you relief.
Will Everything I do Be centered Around the New Baby?
While a baby will alter your life in various ways, you’ll come to realize that there are a lot of activities you can go on with your baby. Besides, some of your friends will be more than willing to step in and help out where and when necessary.
Will I be Forced to Give up My Social Life When the Baby Arrives?
A baby will definitely alter your schedule. But that doesn’t mean that your entire life will be baby-centric. You and your partner can take turns taking care of the baby. For instance, you could take care of the baby on some weekdays and have the weekend to yourself.
Will I be Having Enough Sleep?
This issue can be equally handled by both parents. You and your partner can alternate shifts, where one takes care of the baby during the nights while the other rests.
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Being afraid of the dark, the bogey man and the monster in the closet are all part of growing up. We have all experienced being scared of something at some point and time in our lives and this helps us to be empathetic towards our own kids who are going through their own fears. Parents play a vital role in helping their kids conquer their fears by understanding children’s fears
How Can Parents Help?
Parents should be understanding of their kids fears and nit try to downplay it or trivialize it simply because you no longer have those fears. Never abandon your child. Always stay with a child who is scared, until the fear and anxiety subsides as leaving them alone will only make it worse. Another approach that can cause more harm than good is making the child feel stupid for being scared. Make your child aware that you are confident in their ability to handle the situation. This vote of confidence from your side will go a long way in equipping your child with the right tools to overcome their fears.
What Causes Fear in Children
Initial studies showed that fear was caused by behavioral conditions which basically means that if a child is bitten by a dog, they develop of fear of dogs. Later, studies showed that some people are born with sensitive temperaments that make them more prone to fear and anxiety. However, it is important to remember that we all experienced fear as children and it is a normal part of growing up. Children of different age groups experience different types of fear. A toddler or small child may have a fear of monsters, because at this age, they still believe that monsters exist. An older child may simply fear the dark or being alone.
These childhood fears eventually and gradually disappear. A parent should be worried if a child is still suffering from fear and anxiety way past the expected or normal age group. If it is interfering with the normal functioning of the child and the daily activities that a child should be enjoying, then alarm bells should be going off.
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Sometimes, you let your child get away with things that they should not. For example, you may let them keep the loose money they collected from the drawer, let them get away with not doing their chores or sometimes let them have it their way even though you know it is entirely wrong. This may lead to development of an entitled child if not checked. Well, instead of letting your child grow up thinking it is fine to do some things, here are parenting tips that may help you in being the best parent.
Help them learn how to deal with disagreements with their friends. If you get in the way all the time a battle erupts, the child may not learn how to deal with problems when they arise in future. Therefore, teach them how they can deal with certain situations effectively by themselves. As a parent, you can tell when your child is doing well or not. You also have the ability to tell when things are getting out of hand and your assistance is needed. In such situations, handle the situation with care to enhance amicability in the next course of action.
You are the first authority that your child looks up to. You are therefore at a position to create the rules of the house. You are also at a position to reward good deeds and point out areas that need improvement. To avoid raising entitled kids, practice your authority consistently. Do not let them get away with some actions just because you are not in the mood to deal with the child. If a child does something wrong, give them a deserving punishment and make them understand why it is wrong to act so.
Parents have the tendency to compare children. However, children are of different abilities and characters and they should not be compared. Using one child as a benchmark for the other may prove problematic since the child who is always compared to the other may have self-esteem issues. Remember the child needs to develop his or her own character and comparing them may not help matters.
Love your child unconditionally but do not let their actions deter you from taking disciplinary actions when need be. Ensure that the child understands what is wrong or right form the earliest time possible. Ensure you cater for all the child’s needs to avoid issues later on in life. Give them attention, help them in understanding complex issues in life and ensure their basic needs are catered for properly.
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A NIMH-funded research carried out in the year 2010 indicated that teenagers who received intervention focused on abstinence were less likely to engage in sexual intercourse at an early age. This was not the case in teens who only received a general intervention focusing on health. Here are some of the statistics gathered from the research on how teaching teens about abstinence can help delay sexual activities.
Sexually active teens are at a high risk of getting unplanned pregnancies, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. The rate of those experiencing the negative outcomes of sex is higher in African Americans than it is in their peers. Studies show that an intervention focusing on behavior reduces the risk of HIV and STI. However, according to policymakers, it is not yet clear which type of intervention is most effective. Most states use programs that only focus on abstinence. However, most abstinence-only programs have been deemed ineffective for their lack of proper research, moralistic approach, and negative portrayal of sex.
Here are some of the most common programs used in schools in most states in America.
This program focuses more on educating teens on the benefits of abstinence. Teens are taught about STIs and unplanned pregnancies and how abstinence can help them attain their goals for the future. Teens are also taught skills on how to resist temptation and pressure to have sex.
This program focuses more on teaching teens how to protect themselves during sex. Teens are encouraged to use condoms whenever they engage in sexual intercourse.
12 hr Comprehensive
This programs is a combination of both abstinence intervention and safer sex. Teens are encourage to use protection, but only if they are not able to abstain.
Studies on the all available intervention programs regarding sex show that abstinence-only programs work well in discouraging sex among teens. However, the same research shows that the results collected cannot be used to generalize other programs. This is because different programs work for different crowds in different parts of the world.
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It has been discovered that pregnancy duration heavily relies on natural factors as opposed to the human estimates that are normally made. The trajectory that natural pregnancy will take can be accurately within the early stages of fertilization. So what really influences pregnancy duration in women?
Change in Sample Testing
Earlier on, pregnancy lengths were calculated using erroneous methods such as using the rising temperature of a woman to determine when an embryo implanted. This method was later on ruled out and the current investigation for embryo implanting is determined through urine samples. Three hormones-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), pregnanediol-3-glucoronide and estrone-3-glucoronide are used as indicators for embryo implantation in the womb. When the embryo successfully implants, it secretes the hormone HCG whose levels in the female body determine successful fertilization.
Factors Determining Length of Pregnancy
How long the embryo takes to implant heavily determines the pregnancy duration of the woman. Additionally, the ratio of estrogen to progesterone level affected pregnancy lengths—the longer the progesterone levels took to rise, the shorter the pregnancy period with birth occurring as early as 12 days. Another factor that heavily influenced pregnancy duration was age of the woman—older women take much longer to give birth compared to younger women.
Weight was also discovered to play a major role in pregnancy lengths. Women who were naturally heavier at birth were discovered to have longer pregnancy days compared to women who weighed less. Approximately, each 100g of weight on the woman equals to a one day increase in the longer the pregnancy will take.
A last determining factor of pregnancy lengths was the history of previous pregnancies. Generally, it was discovered that if a woman took longer days to give birth in the past, they are likely to take longer conceiving in the future. This observation was drawn from the constant idea that women show consistency patterns in delivery throughout their lives.
Thus pregnancy lengths are determined by the factors that play at the early stage of pregnancy, age of the woman, weight at birth and the consistency in delivery showed by the woman.
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